张抗私,刘翠花,丁述磊.国有部门与非国有部门的工资差异及影响因素研究[J].南京审计学院学报,2017,(4):
国有部门与非国有部门的工资差异及影响因素研究
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  工资差异  国有部门  收入分配差距  劳动力流动  教育收益率  所有制结构  户籍制度  工资决定机制
英文关键词:wage differential  state owned sectors  income distribution dispariry  labor mobility  rate of return to education  pattern of ownership  household registration system  wage determination mechanion
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(14BSH107);辽宁省社会科学规划基金项目(L13ASH001)
作者单位
张抗私,刘翠花,丁述磊 东北财经大学 经济学院辽宁 大连 116025 
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中文摘要:
      基于CGSS数据,利用Heckman样本选择模型对中国国有部门与非国有部门的工资差异和影响因素进行系统研究。回归结果显示,国有部门员工的教育收益率高于非国有部门,教育收益率与学历水平呈现正相关关系,与非国有部门相比,国有部门中大学本科及以上学历员工的教育收益率更高。工资差异分解结果表明,两部门全样本工资差异中市场歧视占比高于特征差异占比,与全样本相比,大学本科及以上学历员工的工资总差异和特征差异占比更高,系数差异占比更低,说明高学历群体中部门间工资差异更为明显,而且两部门中仍存在较严重的劳动力市场分割和就业歧视问题。因此,政府应努力消除劳动力的流动性障碍,深化国有部门市场化改革,制定更为合理的工资机制,以促进中国经济的持续健康稳定增长。
英文摘要:
      Based on CGSS data and Heckman sample selection model, this paper makes a systematic study on wage differentials and influencing factors in state owned and non state owned sectors. The regression results show that the staff s rate of return on education in state owned sectors is higher than that of the non state owned sector, and rate of return on education is positively correlated with the level of education. Compared with the non state owned sector, the college degree or above graduates rate of return on education is higher in state owned sector. The decomposition of wage differential shows that the proportion of market discrimination is higher than that of characteristic differences accounted for in the full sample of the two sectors. And compared with the full sample, the total wage difference and characteristic difference of college degree or above graduate are higher, but the proportion of coefficient difference is lower. That is to say, the phenomenon of wage differentials in highly educated groups is more obvious, and there are still some severe labor market segmentation and employment discrimination in two departments. Therefore, the government should strive to eliminate barriers to labor mobility, to deepen the market oriented reform of the state owned sector, to develop a more reasonable salary mechanism and to promote sustained, healthy and steady growth of Chinas economy.
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