张笑寒1,岳启凡.土地规模化经营促进农业生产性投资了吗?——基于全国三十一个省(市)的面板数据[J].审计与经济研究,2019,(4):
土地规模化经营促进农业生产性投资了吗?——基于全国三十一个省(市)的面板数据
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  土地规模化经营  劳动节约型投资  土地节约型投资  非农就业  农业生产性投资  农业生产效率
英文关键词:land scale management  labor-saving investment  land-saving investment  non-agricultural employment  agriculture productive investment  agricultural productivity
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作者单位
张笑寒1,岳启凡 1.南京审计大学 经济学院江苏 南京2118152.丹阳市委党校江苏 镇江 212300 
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中文摘要:
      基于2000—2015年全国31个省(市、自治区)的省级面板数据,运用多元逐步回归、中介效应模型实证检验了土地规模化经营对不同类型农业生产性投资的影响。研究结果表明:土地规模化经营促进了劳动节约型投资,但抑制了土地节约型投资;加入控制变量后可知,农户收入水平、户均农产品产量、户均农地灌溉面积显著正向影响劳动节约型投资和土地节约型投资,而农户消费水平呈负向影响;非农就业是土地规模化经营影响农业生产性投资的中介变量,这对于劳动节约型投资和土地节约型投资同样成立。因此,要加快农村土地流转市场化进程,推动农业劳动力向非农产业转移,缓解农业生产要素稀缺障碍,促进农业增效和农民增收。
英文摘要:
      Using the provincial panel data of 31 provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) from 2000 to 2015, and multiple stepwise regression and intermediary effect model,the impact of land scale management on various agricultural productive investment is estimated empirically. The results show that expansion of land scale management promotes labor-saving investment and restrains land-saving investment; after adding the control variable, the income level of farmers, the output of agricultural products per household and the irrigation area per household has a significant positive impact on labor-saving investment and land-saving investment, while the consumption level of farmers has a negative impact; non-agricultural employment is the intermediary variable of land scale management affecting agricultural productive investment,this is also true for labor-saving investment and restrains land-saving investment. Therefore,we must accelerate the marketization process of rural land circulation, promote the transfer of agricultural labor to non-agricultural industries, alleviate the obstacles of scarcity of agricultural production factors, promote agricultural efficiency and income.
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