王希元1,梁巧玲2.人口老龄化、高等教育投入与产业结构升级——理论机制探讨与省际面板数据的实证分析[J].南京审计学院学报,2021,(5):
人口老龄化、高等教育投入与产业结构升级——理论机制探讨与省际面板数据的实证分析
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  人口老龄化  高等教育  产业结构升级  人口红利  教育投入  人力资本
英文关键词:population aging  higher education  upgrading of industrial structure  demographic dividend  educational investment  human capital
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(20CJL025)
作者单位
王希元1,梁巧玲2 1.云南大学 经济学院云南 昆明 6500912.上海工程技术大学 管理学院上海 松江 201620 
摘要点击次数: 69
全文下载次数: 90
中文摘要:
      发展高等教育是应对人口老龄化和驱动产业结构升级的积极举措。利用2009—2018年中国省际面板数据进行实证分析发现:人口老龄化阻碍了中国目前的产业结构升级;调节效应分析表明,高等教育投入增加有助于减弱人口老龄化对产业结构升级的消极影响。机制检验表明,高等教育投入增加对产业结构升级的促进作用主要是基于人力资本高级化这一中介机制实现的;而基于科技产出的中介机制效果并不显著,说明高校科技产出供给未能与产业结构升级对科学技术的需求有效匹配。
英文摘要:
      Developing higher education is a positive measure to deal with the aging population and drive the upgrading of industrial structure. Based on the empirical analysis of China’s inter provincial panel data from 2009 to 2018, it is found that the aging population hinders the upgrading of China’s current industrial structure. The adjustment effect analysis shows that the increase of investment in higher education helps to weaken the negative impact of population aging on the upgrading of industrial structure. The mechanism test shows that the promotion effect of the increase in higher educational investment on the upgrading of industrial structure is mainly based on the intermediary mechanism of the advancement of human capital. The intermediary mechanism based on scientific and technological output has no significant effect, which shows that the supply of scientific and technological output in colleges and universities can not effectively match the demand for science and technology caused by the upgrading of industrial structure.
查看全文  下载PDF阅读器
关闭