冯学钢,唐睿.“21世纪海上丝绸之路”沿线省市入境旅游市场效率研究[J].南京审计学院学报,2017,(4):
“21世纪海上丝绸之路”沿线省市入境旅游市场效率研究
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  21世纪海上丝绸之路  入境旅游  市场效率  “一带一路”  HHI指数  市场结构  DEA投入产出
英文关键词:the Marine Silk Road in the 21st century  inbound tourist market  market efficiency  “The Belt and Road”  HHI index  market structure  DEA input output
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目(12AJY008)
作者单位
冯学钢,唐睿 华东师范大学 经济与管理学部上海 200241 
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中文摘要:
      利用2000—2014年的数据和DEA投入产出方法对“21世纪海上丝绸之路”沿线五省市入境旅游市场效率进行分析,发现浙江、福建、广东三省入境旅游市场效率近年来达到最优水平。就旅游企业投入要素而言,上海、浙江表现较佳,其他三省投入要素均存在投入冗余现象。通过旅游企业功效函数和市场结构HHI指数的计算,发现不同省市旅游企业经营情况分化明显,且各省市入境旅游市场具有显著的垄断特征。通过构建计量模型发现,整体而言,旅游企业经营状况的改善、入境旅游人次的增加、产业结构的优化对入境旅游市场效率的提升具有促进作用,而旅游交通发展的滞后限制了入境旅游市场效率的提高。不同影响因素对于各省市的影响均存在差异。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data from 2000 to 2014 and DEA Input output method, this paper makes an analysis on the efficiency of inbound tourist market of five provinces along “The Marine Silk Road in the twenty first Century”. The research indicates that the efficiency of inbound tourist market of Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong has reached the optimal level in recent years. With regard to input elements of tourism enterprises, the performances of Shanghai and Zhejiang were good and other three provinces had the problems of input redundancy. Based on the calculation of tourism enterprises power function and market structure HHI index, the performances of tourism enterprises in different districts had big differences. The inbound tourist market in every province (city) had characteristic of monopoly. Through the measurement model, as a whole, the improvement of tourism enterprises, the increase in inbound tourist trips and the optimization in industrial structure have positive influences on the efficiency of inbound tourist market, but the lag of tourist traffic has reverse effect. Different factors had different influences in every district.
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